“英语单项填空题难吗?”这是一次平行班高考前单项专题讲座中老师的开场白。问题一问,教室里就像炸开了的油锅,学生七嘴八舌的议论开来,但大多数学生都是愁眉苦脸,哀声
2011-09-25 来源:知音在线阅读 作者:知音 评论 我来投稿
“英语单项填空题难吗?”这是一次平行班高考前单项专题讲座中老师的开场白。问题一问,教室里就像炸开了的油锅,学生七嘴八舌的议论开来,但大多数学生都是愁眉苦脸,哀声一片。
下面我引用几句成语,结合自己近两年高三的教学经验,与大家探讨一下高考单项填空题“难解”的“秘密”,以对症下药,攻克难关。

现象一、 “牛郎织女,天各一方”

分析现象: 单项选择命题中考查的常常是一些固定短语搭配或简单的句子,只是出题者往往使用了插入、前置等手段使句子的结构出现分离现象。试看下面例子:
(1) The managers discussed the plan that they would like to see_____ the next year.
A. carried out B. carrying out
C. carry out D. to carry out
此题答案为A,考核的是see sth. done的用法,宾语the plan前置为先行词。但对于一些学生,短语see sb. doing 更为常见,因而容易误选B。
(2) I think David,_____you,_____ to blame.
A. rather than; is B. rather than; are
C. instead of; are D. not; should
此题答案为A。rather than you是插入语,David is to blame做think的宾语从句。
解决方案: 洞察分离现象,去掉插入用语。(常用插入语:as it is, as well as ..., you know, to be honest, ...)
练习链接: ① Danby left word with my secretary the other day_____ he would call again.
A. who B. when C. that D. as
② There is a new problem involved in the popularity of private cars_____ road conditions need to be improved.
A. that B. when C. what D. how
③ John plays football_____, if not better than, David. (NMET 1994)
A. as well B. as well as
C. so well D. so well as
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